Home Stock Market Stock Ticker Tape, Its History and Functions

Stock Ticker Tape, Its History and Functions

Stock Ticker Tape

Stock ticker tape and its history:

Have you ever wondered how did the finance world work when there was no radio and television? And how people used to know whether the stock they are investing in is worth investing in or not? Or how did the wall street look when there was no ticker-tape? Anyone who has been into the world of finance and investing knows that investing in stocks and securities is not a piece of cake because they are always fluctuating. One moment they are leading in the index while on the next moment you see them falling. So, what is stock ticker tape? How does it work? And what how it revolutionized the finance market? Of course, a ticker-tape informs us about securities and financial markets, so how do you learn and profit from a stock ticker tape?

History of a stock ticker tape?

Before radio and television, stock ticker tape was the only way to get financial information, sothe first stock ticker was introduced in New York on November 15, 1867. The invention of the ticker eventually revolutionized the financial market by allowing up-to-the-minute rates open to consumers around the world. As mentioned before, previously the exchange of information from one stock exchange market to another one was transferred via faxes or couriers.

Invented by Edward Calhan

The ticker was invented by Edward Calhan, who designed a telegraph system for the printing of stock prices on sheets of paper which could later be used for the ticker-tape parades in the stock markets. At the very start, the stock ticker tape got famous among investors and it earned its name because of the sound it produced. With the advancement in technology, the mechanical ticker got replaced with automated monitors and machine tickers. According to the literature, the last mechanical ticker was made in 1966 and the rest is history.

Introduction of ticker:

The ticker tapes introduced before 1930 were considered very slow. But from 1940 through 1964 the ticker tapes became much faster than the previous ones. So, between the sale and processing time, they took between 15 to 20 minutes. Then, it was only before the real game-changer came into the market in 1966. As compared to the previous ones it was much faster. And took only one minute to provide the record of the stock.

Depending upon the nature of the stock markets. The stockholders from all over the world invest at different blocks and lots. Because of this trading and exchanging the stock ticker keeps on fluctuating from minute to minute. And it shows you the most updated stocks trading activity in the finance world.

Now, when thousands of companies are investing in stocks. It would be hard for the investors to keep a look at the company, they invested in. So, television, internet, and radio have made it possible for every investor. Hence, stock market genius to check where their shares are standing.

Functions of a ticker:

A ticker basically presents a stock symbol and provides information regarding stocks. It shows how many stock items have been exchanged and what is the price of a share for the day. This also shows; How much the market shifted with the trading price of the prior day and whether it’s up or down. With each tick, it records a movement of in the price.

Of a stock on a narrow sheet of paper. Therefore, each activity occurring on the trading floor. Including trade value, is automatically recorded by a ticker tape on a specific brand of paper or film. There is a major misunderstanding among common people, that each company uses the same tickers. Whereas, a range of tickers are operated by private data providers. Each offering details on a specific product combination.

How to read stock ticker tapes?

you must have seen some fluctuating numbers at the bottom of every news channel? There are real-time inventories. It is not easy for a beginner to read them. But by keeping in mind the following rules, you can read them as a professional stock trader.


The very initial segment of a ticker is its symbol. The symbol if any stock is the combination of initials or letters of the company. Which speaks to the security of the company. In other words, a symbol is a company’s identification. The number of letters can fluctuate based upon the trade the security is exchanged on. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) permits maximum up to three letters. There are several examples with a single letter ticker on the NYSE and they are valued.

For example, X stands for US steel and F is Ford’s. On the other side, NASDAQ calls for four to five. Five international firms, who also use an F to Y as their final letter. Symbols for tickets must be exclusive. For the very first phase, when a corporation goes to market. They indicate its first, second, and third alternative, just in case. The symbol must be appropriate. Even though not a rule, many businesses will seek to pick a stock symbol that is relevant to their company’s identity in some way. Such as the SPOT from Spotify and the SNAP from Snap chat.

Traded shares/ volume of shares:

The traded shares represent the number of shares purchased in the most recent exchange. Where hindered is not representing by any suffix, while million is representing by suffix “M”. Thousand is representing by suffix “K” and billion is representing by “B”.

stock ticker tape

Stock price/ exchange price:

This figure reflects the amount the last share was trading at. You may even hear this called “trade value”. As it refers to a share’s worth in the last exchange. This being said, share prices often shift in milliseconds. And, for example, even though you see the last market price on the ticker as $55.55 and decide to buy it. It might be $56 if you go to start a trade just minute later.

The change in the direction:

The shift in the direction of any company’s stock price is representing by an arrow. On the off chance, if the arrow pointing up. It means that the stock is trading at a significantly higher price. It the arrow is pointing down it means that the stock is exchanging at a lower price.

The shift in amount:

This last part represents the amount of the stock that has rises. From the selling price on the previous day.

Colour of ticker:

When it comes to interpreting stock price shifts, colour can be an effective fast predictor. Here’s what to look out for those who can. Red typically indicates that the security at a cheaper price sells than the previous day. Yellow generally means that it’s higher dealing. The price is the same in both blue and green.

During the trading day, the quotes would continuously show current or marginally delayed data. Across the screen of financial networks or wires. In certain situations, the ticker can quote only one exchange stocks. But the two shares running across the screen are frequently seen. When looking at the number of letters in the stock symbol. You can see the amount of the stock price and at what rate the company is selling. Where there are three letters on the symbol. The stock expects to be trade on the NYSE or AMEX.

Last words:

An icon in four letters indicates the possible transactions in stock on the Nasdaq. There are five letters in certain Nasdaq stocks, which means that they are typically international. The label at the end of the stock mark is “F” or “Y.”Practices reading the ticker tape are the best way to have all this knowledge. Because practice makes a man perfect so next time when you read them to keep all this knowledge in your mind. So, you read the stock index in a better and efficient way. 


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